Just like the IITs, the National Institutes of Technology (NIT) are the second most premier technical institutions that are under the direct control of the Government of India and are considered to be the finest. They function autonomously. Unlike IITs, the NITs are established in lesser-known cities of almost all the states in India and are also contributing to the decrease of migration due to education among students as they have been established after the conversion of the Regional Engineering colleges of all states in the country. Their special status as the “Institute of National Importance” make them practically free from both regional and students' politics. Being free from bureaucratic hassles, they create and adapt rapidly to their own curricula and issue their own degrees.
They have become the reason for smiles for those who fail to enter the IITs. NITs are designed on the same platform as that of IITs and have the same infrastructures and jobs to do. The faculty to students ratio is 1:7 or 1:9. Generally, the cost borne by the undergraduate student is about INR 2,50,000 (two lakh fifty thousand) per year. They fill up seats in the same way as done by the IITs. In NIT students get admission through the JEE (Main) examination which is held each year for students after their Senior Secondary Board Examination, i.e. 10+2.
The students have to clear the examination in two phases – JEE (Main) and JEE (Advanced) – making them eligible for admission to the NITs. Once the students achieve an All India Rank (AIR) in the JEE examination, they can then sit for Counselling sessions which award them a choice as per rank and also the institution’s location. JEE also makes sure that you have a state rank which makes you eligible for state universities as well.
The National Institute of Technology (NIT) is the dream education location for any student and the student who dreams of Engineering always works hard to achieve it. But what makes them so special? Well, the reason lies simply in the fact that they are one of the best places to study in India and they are spread over every States of India.
In all, there are 31 NITs across the country. The total seat capacity is about 24,000 including all NITs and all technical courses. NITs at certain locations are even preferred over the IITs including certain specialised courses that the aspirants take in their graduation and make their desires to study the subject in their course syllabus come true.